Convention to Combat Desertification

  • It is a UN convention
  • It is a convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa 
  • Opened for sign in 1994 in Paris
  • Became effective from 1996 (Canada withdrew. First to do so)
  • HQ : Bonn, Germany
  • It is the only convention which stem out from direct recommendations of Rio Agenda 21
  • It is the only internationally legally binding framework set up to address the problem of desertification
  • It promotes good land stewardship and its end goal is to protect land from over-use and drought, so it can continue to provide food, water and energy.
  • The Convention addresses desertification and land issues specifically arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, known as drylands.
  • India’s Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is the nodal Ministry for this Convention.

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