Codex Alimentarius Commission(CAC) – UPSC Prelims

  • Codex Alimentarius Commission(CAC) was established in 1963.
  • It is an intergovernmental body established jointly by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation(FAO) and the World Health Organisation (WHO).
  • It was established within the framework of the Joint Food Standards Programme.
  • Purpose:
    • To establish international food standards to protect the health of consumers
    • To ensure fair practices in the food trade. Especially while promoting coordination of food standards work undertaken by international governmental and non-governmental organisations.
  • Membership: Membership of the Commission is open to all Member Nations and Associate Members of FAO and WHO. The countries interested in international food standards can become a member of CAC.
  • Funding: The programme of work of the Commission is funded through the regular budgets of WHO and FAO. All works are subjected to the approval of the two governing bodies of the parent organisation.
  • Headquarters: Rome, Italy.

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