Chakmas and Hajongs

Chakmas and Hajongs:
  • Chakmas and Hajongs are refugees who came from erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) five decades ago and are living in northeast.
  • Chakmas and Hajongs were originally residents of Chittagong Hill Tracts in erstwhile East Pakistan.
  • They had fled their homeland after it was submerged by Kaptai dam project in 1960s.
  • Chakmas are Buddhists by faith and Hajongs are Hindus.
  • They had faced religious persecution in East Pakistan and entered India through the then Lushai Hills district of Assam (now in Mizoram).
  • Later, Union Government had shifted majority of them to North East Frontier Agency (NEFA), which is now Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Since then, their numbers have gone up from about 5,000 in 1964-69 to 1 lakh.

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