Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI):
  • CBI is the foremost investigative police agency in India.
  • It is non constitutional and non-statutory body.
  • It derives power to investigate from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946
  • It was established in 1941 as the Special Police Establishment.
  • It was renamed to present nomenclature in 1963.
  • Headquarters: New Delhi.
  • Motto: Industry, Impartiality, Integrity.
  • It is headed by Director, an IPS officer of DGP rank.
  • The CBI Director is selected by a collegium comprising Prime Minister, Chief Justice of India and Leader of Opposition or leader of the largest party in opposition in Lok Sabha.
  • The tenure of CBI director has been extended from two years to five years now.  The change in tenure of the CBI Director was done by amending the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946. The CBI director can be appointed first for a period of two years. But if needed, the tenure can be extended for three more years. This will require three separate annual extensions. However, no extension can be granted to CBI chief after a period of five years.
  • CBI investigates cases related to economic crimes, special crimes, cases of corruption and other high-profile cases.
  • CBI comes under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
  • CBI is exempted from Right to Information (RTI) Act similar to the National Investigating Agency (NIA), National Intelligence Grid (Natgrid), etc.

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