Bosphorus Strait

Bosphorus Strait:
  • It is a natural strait connecting the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara
  • It’s length is 32 kilometers (20 miles) in the north to south direction.
  • Bosphorus strait separates the European part from the Asian part of Istanbul.
  • The Bosporus and Dardanelles straits, also known as the Turkish Straits or the Black Sea Straits, connect the Aegean Sea and the Black Sea via the Sea of Marmara.
  • Strategic Significance:
    • It is the only passage through which the Black Sea ports can access the Mediterranean and beyond.
    • Over three million barrels of oil, about 3% of the daily global supply, mostly produced in Russia, Azerbaijan, and Kazakhstan, pass through this waterway every day.
    • The route also ships large amounts of iron, steel, and agricultural products from the Black Sea coast to Europe and the rest of the world.
  • Why in news?
    • Militarisation of the passage due to Ukraine-Russia conflict.

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