Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) Group – UPSC Prelims

Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) Group:
  • BBIN stands for Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal
  • It is a sub-regional architecture of these 4 countries
  • Aims to formulate, implement and review quadrilateral agreements across areas such as water resources management, connectivity of power, transport, and infrastructure
Motor Vehicle Agreement
  • It was signed on 15th June 2015 in Thimphu, Bhutan.
  • It seeks to facilitate the unrestricted cross-border movement of cargo, passenger, and personal vehicles between BBIN countries.
  • As per the agreement, member countries would allow vehicles registered in the other countries to enter their territory under certain terms and conditions. Customs and tariffs will be decided by the respective countries and these would be finalised at bilateral and trilateral forums.
  • Implementation of the MVA has been delayed as the countries work to clarify some of the provisions that are supposed to be elaborated in protocols.
  • Though the original BBIN MVA was signed by all four countries, after objections in Bhutan over sustainability and environmental concerns, the Bhutanese Parliament decided not to endorse the plan.
  • Objective:
    • To provide seamless people-to-people contact and enhance economic interaction by facilitating cross border movement of people and goods.

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