Basel Convention

  • Formally called: The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
  • It is an international treaty
  • It is a UN Treaty
  • Open for signature in 1989
  • Effective from 1992
  • Signatories : 53
  • Parties : 183
  • What it does?
    • Aims to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, and specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries
    • The Convention is also intended to :
      • minimize the amount and toxicity of wastes generated,
      • to ensure their environmentally sound management as closely as possible to the source of generation, and
      • to assist LDCs in environmentally sound management of the hazardous and other wastes they generate
    • It does not address the movement of radioactive waste.
  • Its objective was to stop dumping of hazardous waste from developed countries in developing nations.

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