Artificial Intelligence

What is artificial intelligence?
  • Artificial intelligence is the branch of computer science concerned with making computers behave like humans.
  • It refers to the ability of machines to perform cognitive tasks like thinking, perceiving, learning, problem-solving and decision making : NITI Aayog
  • In contrast to normal hardware and software, artificial intelligence enables a machine to perceive and respond to its changing environment.
  • The artificial intelligence machines learn automatically like humans during their processing by assimilating large volumes of information.
  • It includes technologies like machine learning, pattern recognition, big data, neural networks, self algorithms etc.
  • The artificial intelligence market is estimated to touch $153 billion in 2020 and expected to grow at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 45.4% from 2016 to 2022.
  • It is also widely seen as major challenge in generation of employment as many companies are likely to depend more on it to cut down on human resources.
Previous Year Questions:
Q 1.) With the present state of development, Artificial Intelligence can effectively do which of the following? (2020)
  1. Bring down electricity consumption in industrial units
  2. Create meaningful short stories and songs
  3. Disease diagnosis
  4. Text-to-Speech Conversion
  5. Wireless transmission of electrical energy
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 5 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2, 4 and 5 only
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
Ans: (b)