Article 3

It is related to formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States: Parliament may by law
  1. form a new State by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any State;
  2. increase the area of any State;
  3. diminish the area of any State;
  4. alter the boundaries of any State;
  5. alter the name of any State;
Some Conditions:
  • Such bill can be introduced in either house of Parliament
  • Such bill can be introduced only on the recommendation of the President
  • President has to refer the bill to affected states for their views
  • Period to get state’s view is decided by President
  • State’s view are not binding
The power conferred on Parliament by clause (a) includes the power to form a new State or Union territory by uniting a part of any State or Union territory to any other State or Union territory
Why in news? Name of West Bengal is being changed.



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