Water Scarcity

Facts:
  • There are millions of people all over the world who don’t have access to water, or, if they have access, that water is unable to be used.
  • About 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered with water and 3% of it is actually freshwater that is fit for human consumption.
  • Around two-thirds of that is tucked in frozen glaciers and unavailable for our use.
  • According to WWF, some 1.1 billion people worldwide lack access to water, and a total of 2.7 billion find water scarce for at least one month of the year.
  • Water scarcity involves water crisis, water shortage, water deficit or water stress.
  • Water scarcity can be due to physical water scarcity and economic water scarcity.
  • Physical water scarcity refers to a situation where natural water resources are unable to meet a region’s demand and economic water scarcity is a result of poor water management resources.
  • India is in the midst of a suicidal water crisis as urban and rural landscapes go thirsty.
 
The scale of loss
  • First, cities today are vast agglomerations that continue to spread, with bursting populations of tens of millions.
  • They are huge parasites on water, food, energy and all other resources.
  • High densities of our cities do not allow for water harvesting to fill the gap.
  • Until now, invasive schemes like dams to service these large cities and the huge needs of agriculture have caused extreme ecological devastation.
 
Solutions for Water Scarcity
  • Education: There are plenty of opportunities out there that people can use in order to learn more about the world around them. By educating those who are not dealing with water scarcity, they can be in a position to help. Those who are dealing with it can get educated on how they can prevent the problem from becoming even worse in the future.
  • Recycle Water: There are plenty of technologies out there that allow you to recycle rainwater and other water that you may be using in your home. Consider learning about how you can recycle water. Not only does it help to prevent scarcity, but it can save you some money as well.
  • Advance Technology Related to Water Conservation: There has been a lot of work in the world of water conservation, but there is also a lot that needs to be done in order to ensure that the rest of the world is able to conserve water. Putting money and effort into conservation could be life-saving.
  • Improve Practices Related to Farming: Farming and irrigation are often a huge culprit when it comes to water scarcity. Because of that, we need to improve practices so that we don’t use as much water and those who are using water are using it to its fullest potential. Technology also needs to advance in this manner.
  • Improve Sewage Systems: Clean drinking water starts with a good sewage system. Without proper sanitation, the water in an area becomes ridden with disease and any number of other problems. By improving the sewage systems in these areas, we can prevent water scarcity from becoming any worse.
  • Support Clean Water Initiatives: There are organizations located all over the world that are looking to bring clean water to areas that don’t have it.
 
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