Skill India


Nearly 90% of employable people did not receive any vocational training, posing a challenge for the government’s Skill India Campaign.
Among persons in the 15-59 age group, about 2.2% received formal vocation training — NSSO 2011-12
While 75% in Germany and 80% in Japan. 50% in China
Govt target to impart skills training to 40 crore people by 2022, and the new govt has a dedicated Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
But proportion of young adults who had received vocational training was virtually unchanged between 2004-05 and 2011-2012.
There remain multiple decision-making authorities on skills and little clarity about who exactly will do the work. Promise of corporate and foreign partnerships on skilling are pouring in, but how these mass skilling programme will take off is unclear.
Need to design curricula as per changing job requirements.
15%  of all Indians with the highest levels of education were seeking jobs in 2011. -> Census 2011
Indian Skill Development Service
The Union cabinet recently gave its nod for the formations of Indian Skill Development Service (ISDS).
  • Indian Skill Development Service (ISDS) will be a Group ‘A’ service of the technical cadre of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSD&E).
  • ISDS was earlier called the Directorate General of Employment & Training which was under the aegis of Ministry of Labour Employment.
Why was it created?
  • To improve skill development administration in the country.
  • To enhance the capacity and efficiency of the organization.
The cadre will be selected through the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and have the same ranks and profile as other Group A services such as the Indian Revenue Service, Indian Audit and Accounts Service and Indian Railway Service.
Their roles:
  • The new cadre of officers will run the skill development and entrepreneurship ministry, help implement various skill and apprenticeship schemes conducted by the ministry as well as those by the Directorate General of Training (DGT).
  • The new officers will help formulate skill policies, devise a road map for improving the apprenticeship system, revamping ITIs and also help revamp course work for various schemes.
Was it necessary?
India aims to skill some 500 million people by 2022 in both organized and unorganized sectors to improve the efficiency of the work force, provide job-ready human resources to industries and ultimately improve the competitiveness of a young demography considered crucial for the economic growth of India. To achieve these objectives, it is necessary to have such a dedicated service.
Write a note on the National Skill Development Mission and the role of private sector in skilling the unskilled. (200 Words)
National Skill Development Mission is a part of Skill India launched by the Indian Government. It aims to train 400 million Indians by the year 2022.
NSDM is an ambitious scheme to tackle the problem of unemployment rampant in India due to low-skilled people. Along with other schemes such as Pradham Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna, Skill loan schemes and National policy for skill development and entrepreneurship, it aims to reap the demographic dividend of India by providing adequate institutions and opportunities for the youth. It seeks to include Industrial Training Institutes (ITI), Vocation training at school level, and polytechnics to achieve its mission.
The role of private sector in skill development is very crucial as they are the ultimate beneficiaries. Private sector has many ITIs, more than the government ones. Yet, the quality of courses offered is not up to the mark. Onsite industrial training should be provided to the work force so that people can be efficiently take up the task at hand. Private sector should cooperate with education institutions and outline their requirements, so that training can be a part of academic curriculum. Apprenticeship and internship should be encouraged by the private sector to expose students to industry standards.
India is at the pinnacle of its economy transformation, and a skilled, vibrant population is very much needed to take the country forward. Both the private sector and government should play an active role in this regard



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