S&T in India


  1. Research is not fully funded by the government.
  2. Lack of adequate infrastructure including laboratories,
  3. Lack of coordination between research and industry. Hence, science and research is not applied to business and at the same time the researchers are not able to comprehend the demands of the industry.
  4. Unlike “developed” countries and China where Reward oriented and Industrialist Sponsored Funds come in the Labs. In India funds are generally for making Brick and mortar structure of IIT and IIM for political mileage , rather constructive research.
  5. Patenting ,Licensing and Loose IPR regime also discourages any new invention. Various Indians which worked with foreign institutions have claimed rebound awards , which proves that there is no deficit in the talent but in the processes
These are the results of the path adopted by India for the development of science and technology post-independence. We focussed mainly on setting up institutions like IITs and IIMs and confining their focus in academic direction like publications.
Unlikely, the countries like USA, Japan etc. went for fully funded research, allowed private companies to take IPRs on them and developed a synergy between science
and industry.
Measures to be taken
  • Enhancement in Budget for R&D
  • Concession for companies involved in R&D rather reverse engineering
  • Contribution based and not seniority based model
  • Made in India and not Make in India which will encourage R&D
  • Strong IPR regime
  • International practices of Public private partnership
  • New talent shall be harnessed improving Farm to lab models
  • MSME which haunts with various technological problems can be provided solution with help of IIT and NITs
  • Political will and Mature politics over development is the key here
Recent issues:
  • Budgetary cuts : The sector has seen consistent decline in plan allocations especially since the Twelfth Plan. This has stalled various critical research projects, as well as capacity building efforts.
  • Fund flow is another issue. Budgetary allocations are often delayed due to systemic hurdles. This delays procurement process, thus hampering research.
  • Politico – bureaucratic interference
  • Delay in appointments ex. In CSIR labs
What path did India choose after independence to develop the scienceĀ and technology field in India? Do you think, compared to USA, Japan and Other scientifically developed countries, India chose a wrong path? Critically comment. (200 Words)



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