Opium Production

  • India is one of the few countries that legally grows opium poppy and the only country that legally produces opium gum
  • Opium gum contains several indispensable alkaloids such as morphine, codeine and thebaine.
    • Morphine- best analgesic in world
    • Codeine- used in cough syrup
  • Production is strictly controlled by government
  • 3 states allowed to grow opium: UP, MP & Rajasthan
  • Government plans to increase opium production by expanding the area under cultivation



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