National Disaster Management Plan – UPSC GS3

Objective: To make India disaster resilient and reduce loss of lives

Legal Provisions:
NDMP is mandated under Disaster Management Act, 2005. As per the Act, the national plan must lay down the guidelines for preparation of state-level disaster management plans as well as plans by each Central ministry and department.
Major Themes:
Based on “Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-30”, 4 major themes are :
  1. Understanding disaster risk
  2. Improving disaster risk governance
  3. Investing in disaster risk reduction and
  4. Disaster preparedness
Important Features:
  • It covers all phases of disaster management: prevention, response, mitigation and recovery
  • It provides for vertical and horizontal integration among all the Government agencies and departments
  • It also spells out the roles and responsibilities of all levels of Government right up to Urban Local Body (ULB) and Panchayat level in a matrix format
  • The plan has a regional approach, which will be beneficial for disaster management and also for development planning
  • It has been designed in such a way that it can be implemented in all phases of disaster management in a scalable manner
  • The plan also identifies major activities such as early warning, medical care, information dissemination, fuel, search and rescue, transportation, evacuation, etc. to serve as a checklist for agencies responding to a disaster
  • It also provides a generalized framework for recovery and offers flexibility to assess a situation and build back better
  • It emphasizes on a greater need for Information, Education and Communication activities to prepare communities to cope with disasters
  • The plan incorporates provisions for strengthening disaster risk governance and lays down six thematic areas



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