Joint operational doctrine for Tri-Services – UPSC GS3

It is aimed at providing deeper operational synergies among the tri-services and coherently dealing with all possible security threats faced by India such as conventional and proxy wars. 
Key Points:
  • The doctrine proposes joint training of personnel, unified command and control structure.
  • In addition, it supports tri-service approach to modernise the tri-services.
  • The doctrine has said that the Higher Defence Organisation will facilitate inter-Service coordination in planning, execution of operations and force planning.
  • The doctrine facilitates the establishment of a broad framework for the conduct of operations across all the domains (land, air, sea, space and cyber-space).
  • The doctrine pushes for effective deterrent capabilities to protect India’s strategic interests along the Northern, Western and Eastern borders and sensitivities along the Line of Control (LoC) and Line of Actual Control (LAC).
  • According to the doctrine, India’s threats primarily emanates from the disputed land borders and thus addressing the consequences of instability and volatility emanating in India’s extended and immediate neighbourhood remains a priority.
  • It has said that the transnational threats posed by State and Non-State sponsored terrorist organisations pose a danger to regions beyond India’s primary theatres.
  • In the case of a war, the document calls for joint working of the land, air and naval commanders to jointly formulate and implement war plans to ensure a well-oiled fighting machinery. 
  • For the sake of fighting together, they have to train together.
  • The doctrine calls for the integration of the layered hierarchies of the national security structures to reap the most out of the available expertise.
  • The doctrine pushes for having an ‘Integrated Theatre Battle’ as the guiding philosophy for evolution of war fighting strategies.
  • This is to ensure decisive victory across the entire spectrum of conflict in varied geographical domains.
  • The doctrine has called for coordination of agencies like RAW, Intelligence Bureau and Intelligence organisations of the para-military forces as part of the Joint Intelligence Committee under the National Security Adviser.

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