Brain Drain in India – UPSC GS3

Brain Drain is not a new problem for India and research of many like Dr. Subba Rao in Medicine, Satyendranath Bose in Physics are few to quote who worked with foreign institutions and spent their careers abroad.

There are many reasons for Brain drain:
  1. Lack of quality education post the graduation except few respected institutions and problems of low pay, low growth are also a reason.
  2. Lack of infrastructure for research in science, outdated laboratories, out of sync syllabus also major contributors.
  3. Plagiarism and fight for promotions, informal superior-subordinate relations at times strained etc. are responsible in Indian institutions leading to migration of scientists.
  4. Transparency, opportunity to grow quickly, recognition for talent making foreign institutions excel along with scientists excellence.
  5. Gender inequality is a key reason and proportion of women in ISRO, DRDO etc. show that women are left out in the middle of their progress and it takes much work compared to men to shine, to reach high levels whereas countries like US gender equality is promoted with high importance.
Recent outlook :
  • Modi has termed Brain drain, brain gain (deposit) –> as it remits money, invests and further India’s brand image worldwide.
“India’s brain drain is West’s brain gain.” Critically discuss why India’s scientists move to foreign countries and  excel. Do you think brain drain is a thing of past, especially in the field of science? Examine. (200 Words)



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