Assam Sets up Bodoland Department – UPSC GS3

Bodoland Department:
  • Assam Government sets up Bodoland Department for Faster Development of Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR).
  • It will deal with the issues of four districts of BTR (Kokrajhar, Baksa, Chirang and Udalguri) as part of the 3rd Bodo Peace Accord.

3rd Bodo Peace Accord:
  • 3rd Bodo Peace Accord was a tripartite agreement signed in 2020 between the Centre, Assam Government and the banned Assam-based insurgent group National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB).
  • It had renamed Bodo Territorial Areas District (BTAD), as BTR with more executive, administrative, legislative and financial powers.
  • BTAD was administered by the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC).
  • It functions under the provision of the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India
  • However, accord also said that a commission will be constituted by the central government for the demarcation and reorganisation of the BTR.
Demand for Bodoland:
  • Bodoland is a state demanded by a tribal community called Bodos in Assam, who comprise of 5%-6% of the state‚Äôs population.
  • Demand for a separate state for Bodos is rooted in reasons like administrative and development apathy of the state of Assam, and a feeling that identity, culture and language of the Bodo people were subsumed by Assamese and migrants.
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