Taiwan vs One China Policy

What is One-China Policy?
  • The policy states in diplomatic acknowledgement that there is only one Chinese government.
  • Under the policy, any country that wants diplomatic relations with mainland China must break official ties with Taipei that it considers a ‘breakaway province.’
How China has been trying to choke Taiwan in recent years?
  • Beijing doesn’t trust present Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen and her ruling party, which advocates independence for Taiwan.
  • After Tsai came to power last year, China had cut official communication channels with her government in a bid to pressure her to accept that Taiwan is part of China.
  • A year ago, Taiwan had diplomatic ties with 23 countries. But in the last one year itself, as many as three countries have severed diplomatic ties with the country, which is claimed by China as its own — a part of the mainland.
  • In 2007, Costa Rica was the first of Taiwan’s Central American partners to switch allegiance to China. It was southern African nation of Malawi in 2008. Gambia in West Africa followed suit in 2013. Last year, small African states Sao Tome and Principe switched ties from Taiwan to China.
  • Recently, Panama has supported One-China Policy.
India’s relation with Taiwan:
  • India does not have official diplomatic relations with Taiwan.
  • India recognises only the People’s Republic of China (in mainland China) and not the Republic of China’s claims of being the legitimate government of Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau.
  • However, India’s economic & Commercial links as well as people-to-people contacts with Taiwan have expanded in recent years
Background:
  • China and Taiwan are being ruled by separate governments since the end of the Chinese civil war in 1949.
  • China’s constitution claims Taiwan to be a part of its own territory.
  •  While both the sides maintained an undeclared diplomatic truce in recent times, the relationship got deteriorated after Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen assumed office last year.
  • At china’s insistence, Taiwan has been excluded from the United Nations and many other multinational bodies like the World Health Organization and other international gatherings