Swacch Bharat Mission 2.0 : Analysis – UPSC GS2

Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0
  • The mission would be implemented over five years from 2021 to 2026.
  • The focus of SBM-U 2.0 will be on sustaining the sanitation and solid waste management outcomes achieved and accelerate the momentum generated, thus taking Urban India to the next level of ‘Swachhata’.
  • The aim of ‘Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0’ is to “make the cities completely free of garbage”.
Key components of SBM 2.0
  • Ensuring complete access to sanitation facilities to serve additional populations migrating from rural to urban areas in search of employment and better opportunities.
  • Complete liquid waste management in cities with less than 1 lakh population to ensure that all wastewater is safely contained, collected, transported and treated.
  • Under Sustainable Solid Waste Management, greater emphasis will be on source segregation.
  • Special focus will be put on the well-being of sanitation and informal waste workers.
  • Material Recovery Facilities, and waste processing facilities will be set up, with a focus on phasing out single-use plastic. Construction & demolition waste processing facilities will be set up.
  • Mechanical sweepers deployed in National Clean Air Programme cities and in cities with more than 5 lakh population.
  • Remediation of all legacy dumpsites will also be done under the mission.
Expected outcomes of SBM 2.0
  • It is expected that under Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0, all statutory towns will become at least ODF+; and all cities with <1 lakh population ODF++.
  • Systems and processes will be in place so that all waste water is safely treated and optimally reused and no untreated wastewater pollutes water bodies.
  • Regarding Solid Waste Management, it is expected that all cities will achieve at least 3-star Garbage Free certification under SBM-U 2.0
What are the problems in SBM 2.0?
  • Lack of funding
  • Lack of techno process knowledge
  • Delayed DPR (Detailed Project Report) approvals.
This all resulted in unprocessed waste being dumped in several sites, which needs to be processed through bioremediation before space can be created for new waste processing plants.

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