Role of Japan in India and Asia-Pacific

Areas of cooperation between India and Japan
  • Japan and India have announced an Asia-Africa Growth Corridor, aimed at creating sea corridors linking the countries of the Indo-Pacific to Africa.
  • Japan is cooperating with India in third country infrastructure projects such as Iran’s Chabahar Port, Sri Lanka’s Trincomalee port, and the possible joint development of the Dawei port along the Thai-Myanmar border.
  • Japan has bagged the $17 billion contract to build India’s first high speed railway line, linking Mumbai and Ahmedabad.
  • Tokyo is also investing in development projects in the Northeast and the Andaman and Nicobar islands.
  • Japan-India civil nuclear energy deal has been approved by the Japanese Parliament earlier this year.
  • The possibility of purchasing Japanese submarines and search-and-rescue planes to help the Indian Navy is being discussed.
India-Japan-US-Australia Quadrilateral
  • A free and open Indo-Pacific is an idea being advocated by Japan in conjunction with the U.S.
Why this Quadrilateral?
  • This is a response to concerns over the expansion of the Chinese navy and Beijing’s territorial claims in the South China Sea, waters through which a huge majority of Japanese energy supplies transit.
  • It is against this background that Tokyo’s championing of the Quadrilateral dialogue with the U.S.,India and Australia aimed at creating a community of democratically oriented interests in the region must be understood.
  • Tokyo wants to use the bilateral ties it is developing to create a multilateral architecture in the region.

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