Rising Suicide Rate – UPSC GS2

Background: The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has released the Accidental Deaths and Suicides report 2020.
Accidental Deaths and Suicides report 2020:
  • The report divides suicides into nine categories — apart from daily wagers, housewives and people working in the farm sector, etc.
  • What are the key findings of the report?

  • Report on Suicides: Suicides in India rose 10% from 2019 to an all-time high of 1,53,052 in the pandemic year of 2020.
  • The share of daily wage earners among those who died by suicide has doubled between 2014 and 2020.
  • The number of agricultural labourers who died by suicide in 2020 was 18% higher than the previous year. However, suicides among landowning farmers dropped slightly during the pandemic year.
  • Worst States: The worst among States continues to be Maharashtra. The other states include Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
  • Report on Accidents: The data shows that the number of accidental deaths came down to 3,74, 397 in 2020 from 4,21,014 in 2019– a decline of 12.47%. This is the lowest since 2010. The rate of accidental death (accidental death per lakh) has also come down this year.

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