Palestine : Fatah-Hamas Accord

Deal signed:
  • Hamas and Fatah signed a reconciliation deal
  • This deal came after Hamas agreed to hand over administrative control of Gaza, including the key Rafah border crossing
  • The deal was brokered by Egypt
  • It will bridge a bitter gulf between the Western-backed mainstream Fatah party and Hamas, an Islamist movement designated as a terrorist group by Western countries and Israel
  • The agreement calls for Mr. Abbas’s presidential guard to assume responsibility of the Rafah crossing on November 1
  • And for the full handover of administrative control of Gaza to the unity government to be completed by December 1
  • Hamas and Fatah agreed in 2014 to form a national reconciliation government but the deal soon dissipated and Hamas continuing to dominate Gaza
Analysts opinion:
  • According to the analysts, the deal is more likely to stick than earlier ones given Hamas’s growing isolation and realisation of how hard Gaza was to govern, after its economy damaged by border blockades and infrastructure shattered by wars with Israel
Basic Information:
Hamas: Hamas is a Palestinian Sunni-Islamic fundamentalist organization
  • It has a social service wing, Dawah, and a military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades
  • It has been the de facto governing authority of the Gaza Strip since its takeover of that area in 2007
  • During this period it fought several wars with Israel
  • It is regarded, either in whole or in part, as a terrorist organization by several countries and international organizations, most notably by Israel, the United States and the European Union
  • Fataḥ, formerly the Palestinian National Liberation Movement, is a Palestinian nationalist political party and the largest faction of the confederated multi-party Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
  • Fatah is generally considered to have had a strong involvement in revolutionary struggle in the past and has maintained a number of militant groups
  • Fatah had been closely identified with the leadership of its founder Yasser Arafat, until his death in 2004. Since Arafat’s departure, factionalism within the ideologically diverse movement has become more apparent
  • In the 2006 parliamentary election, the party lost its majority in the Palestinian parliament to Hamas.
  • However, the Hamas legislative victory led to a conflict between Fatah and Hamas, with Fatah retaining control of the Palestinian National Authority in the West Bank
Rafah Border Crossing
  • The Rafah Border Crossing or Rafah Crossing Point is the sole crossing point between Egypt and Gaza Strip
  • It is located on the Gaza–Egypt border, which was recognized by the 1979 Israel–Egypt Peace Treaty
  • The original crossing point was named Rafah land port
  • Only passage of persons takes place through the Rafah Border Crossing
  • All traffic of goods is diverted to the Kerem Shalom border crossing

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