One China Policy – UPSC GS2

  • The one-China policy underscores recognition of China’s sovereignty over Taiwan.
  • This position has been held by the US since 1979.
  • Any country that wants to establish political and diplomatic relations with China must adhere to this principle and not recognise Taiwan as an independent country.
  • China has been stepping up its threats to bring the self-governing island under its control by military force with frequent war games and aerial patrols.
  • It has been using its diplomatic clout to stop Taiwan from joining any organisation that requires statehood for membership.
  • Why in news?
    • US President-elect Donald Trump’s statement that the US policy on Taiwan is up for negotiation and that he is not fully committed to it.
    • Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced that the State Department is voiding longstanding restrictions on how U.S. diplomats and others have contact with their counterparts in Taiwan.
    • China reacted by saying that One China policy is non-negotiable. It also held that One China policy is the political foundation of bilateral ties between US and China and Taiwan is an inalienable part of China.