India’s Human Rights record – UPSC GS2

India’s adverse Human Rights record:
  • The U.S. State Department’s Country Report on Human Rights Practices recorded “significant human rights issues” in India. It includes extrajudicial killings, torture, arbitrary arrest and detention, violence against minorities, unjustified harassment of journalists, and censorship and blocking of websites.
  • India is rated poorly by the U.S.-based Freedom House which called it ‘partly free’.
  • Sweden’s V-Dem Institute dubbed India as an ‘electoral autocracy’.
  • India was ranked 142 in the World Press Freedom Index of Reporters Without Borders.
  • The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom has for successive years recommended that India be listed as a ‘country of particular concern’ due to its treatment of Muslims and Christians.
  • India is ranked in the Open Doors World Watch List for ‘extreme’ Christian persecution below Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia.

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