India-Ukraine Relations – UPSC GS2

Diplomatic Relations:
  • Immediately after the breakup of the Soviet Union, the Government of India recognized the Republic of Ukraine as a sovereign independent country in December 1991.
  • The Embassy of India in Kyiv was established in May 1992 and Ukraine opened its Mission in New Delhi in February 1993.
  • India and Ukraine enjoy warm and friendly relations and cooperate in areas like Education, Mutual Legal Assistance and Outer Space cooperation.
Defence Relations:
  • Ukraine has been a source of military technology and equipment for India since its independence.
  • Ukraine manufactures the R-27 air-to-air missiles which are in use by the IAF on its SU-30MKI fighters.
  • Now, India is also supplying its weapons to Ukraine to enhance defence cooperation between the two countries.
  • India is Ukraine’s largest export destination in the Asia-Pacific and the fifth largest overall export destination.
  • Pharmaceuticals account for the majority of Indian exports to Ukraine.
  • There are more than 30 Ukrainian cultural associations/groups spread across the country, engaged in promoting Indian dances.
  • There are about 18,000 Indian students studying in Ukraine, mainly in the field of medicine. Indian business professionals work predominantly in the fields of pharmaceuticals, IT, engineering, medicine, education, etc.
  • The rift between Russia and Ukraine, which burst out into armed combat when Moscow annexed the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine in 2014, has created a potential dilemma for India.
  • Russia has begun objecting to customers dealing with Ukraine.
  • The potential for trouble with Russia exists because the Indian Air Force (IAF) is currently collaborating with Ukraine to overhaul its fleet of AN-32s.

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