India-Algeria Relations

  • India’s bilateral trade with Algeria currently stands at 1.5 billion dollars a year with the trade balance in Algeria’s favour given India’s import of oil and gas.
  • The major item of exports from India to Algeria has been automobiles.
  • India is looking to develop a Joint Venture arrangement with Algeria for a multi-billion dollar fertilizer plant 
Why India is forming JV with Algeria?
Phosphorus is one of three important elements in the chemical fertilizers that are most important in plant nutrition along with nitrogen and potassium. India, which has up to 96% phosphate dependency. Currently, India imports raw phosphate resources from a number of African countries including Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan and Syria and also from Russia, Canada and Israel among others. For India, forming JV Algeria will have major favourable food security implications and also could ease the fertilizer subsidy burden.



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