Ministry : Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation
GOBAR-DHAN = Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan
Aims to positively impact village cleanliness and generate wealth and energy from cattle and organic waste.
Scheme :
  • The scheme focuses on managing and converting cattle dung and solid waste in farms to useful┬ácompost, biogas and bio-CNG.
  • It will also help in keeping the village clean while increasing income of farmers and cattle herders.
  • The scheme will be hugely beneficial for country as India is home to highest cattle population in world (around 300 million in number) which produces around 3 million tonnes of dung.
  • It will encourage farmers to consider dung and other waste not just as waste but as source of income.
  • The scheme will provide many benefits to rural people by keeping villages clean and sanitized, improving livestock health and increasing farm yields.
  • Under it, biogas generation will help to increase self-reliance in energy utilized for cooking and lighting.
  • The scheme will augment income of farmers and cattle herders. It will create new opportunities for jobs linked to waste collection, transportation, biogas sales etc.
  • It will also provide stable fuel supply in market for oil companies and accessible credit in market through government schemes and banks for entrepreneurs.
  • Under it, villagers will be mobilized to create self-help groups (SHGs) and creative societies that will help in clean energy and green jobs initiative.
  • Gram panchayats will play key role in implementation of this scheme under which bio-gas plants from cattle dung will be set up at individual or community level and also at level of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and NGOs like Gaushalas.
  • The central and state governments will provide funds in the ratio of 60:40, which will depend upon the number of households in villages.
  • They will also provide assistance of experts for setting up the plants.

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