Evolution of The Government of NCT of Delhi – UPSC GS2

Evolution of The Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) act 1991
  • India follows Parliamentary democracy with a cabinet form of government. This is a basic structure of the Indian Constitution.
  • When the Constitution came into force, there were four kinds of States. (Parts A, B, C and D States)
  • The states under C and D were directly administered by centrally appointed Chief Commissioners and Lieutenant Governors. They don’t have any elected Assemblies. Delhi came under Part C.
  • But in 1951, a Legislative Assembly was created with an elected Chief Minister for Delhi.
  • However, issues of jurisdictions and functional autonomy between the Chief Minister and chief commissioner of Delhi was always present. This led to the resignation of the 1st chief minister in 1955.
  • In 1956, following the States Reorganisation Act, only two categories(States and Union Territories) remained in the Indian Union.
  • Delhi became a Union Territory. Also, the Legislative Assembly of Delhi was abolished. Then, Delhi was administered by an Administrator appointed by the President.
  • In 1966, the Delhi Administration Act 1966 provided a limited representative Government in Delhi. But there were repeated political demands that demanded a full statehood to Delhi.
  • To resolve this, the Balakrishnan Committee was set up in 1987. Consequently, the committee made the following recommendations
    • Delhi should continue to be a Union Territory.
    • But there must be a Legislative Assembly and Council of Ministers responsible with appropriate powers to ensure stability.
  • Based on this report, the Constitution (69th) Amendment Act and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCT) Act, 1991 were passed.
  • This act provided Delhi with a Legislative Assembly, a Council of Ministers and an elected Chief Minister.

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