Urban Sprawl Example – UPSC GS1

Case Study of Uttarakhand:
  • Population growth and urbanization has led to rise of significant peri-urban areas mostly in the plain regions of Uttarakhand.
  • They are still classified as rural but are effectively urban in nature in terms of density of population, structure of economy and aspirations of the people.
  • It has resulted in actual disconnect between formal classification of these populated areas and their actual nature, including provision of water supply, along with unique governance, infrastructure, and service delivery challenges.
  • From 2001 to 2011, the state’s urban population has grown by nearly 42%, which is substantially higher than national average of 32%.
  • State has made significant strides in piloting and implementing various innovative approaches in water supply and sanitation services but in peri-urban areas have not been prime focus.

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