Population Facts – UPSC GS1

Marriage Age:
  • The median age of marriage for men increased to 23.5 years during 2011 Census. It was 22.6 during 2001 Census.
  • Median age of marriage for women increased to 19.2 years during 2011 census as compared to 18.2 years in 2001 census.
  • Why this increase? Mobility, Job security, High enrolment in schools are major reasons
Status of World Population 2019 report:
  • India’s population grew at an average annual rate of 1.2 per cent between 2010 and 2019 to 1.36 billion.
  • The population has grown from 942.2 million in 1994 and 541.5 million in 1969.
  • India’s population growth rate was more than double the annual growth rate of China.
  • India has recorded an improvement in life expectancy at birth. The life expectancy at birth in 1969 was 47 years, growing to 60 years in 1994 and 69 years now.
No Mandatory Family Planning:
  • Government in SC : It had no plans of imposing mandatory family planning measures.
  • India’s family planning exercises so far have been based on voluntary actions of the individuals, as against the ‘One child policy’ of China, which has been slightly relaxed now.
Positives:
  • 2001-2011 happened to be the first decade in the last 100 years that added less population from the decade preceding it.
  • 2001-2011 witnessed the sharpest decline in the decadal growth rate of the Indian population in 100 years.
  • As per NFHS Survey-4, TFR is only 1.8, indicating that couples do not want to have more than 2 offsprings.