Mahatama Gandhi’s Ideology – UPSC GS1

Significant Aspects of Mahatma Gandhi’s Ideologies:
  • Opportunities for the Weakest in Society:
    • Mahatma Gandhi saw his place among the weakest and the poorest. His notion of a just and truthful politics was that in such an environment, the weakest should have the same opportunities as the strongest.
  • Simplicity:
    • Gandhiji is a great example of simplicity and transparency. Gandhi’s simplicity was reflected in his deeds and acts, but mostly in his mode of life.
  • Challenging Indian History with morality:
    • In practically all of Gandhi’s historical actions, there was moral or spiritual interrogation. He, therefore, led Indians to a historical and civilisational awareness that went as far as a spiritual conversion to non-violence.
  • Self-discipline and self-restraint:
    • Mahatma Gandhi believed that the true test of life for the individual can be summarized in two principles: self-discipline and self-restraint. In this relation, he observed: “A self-indulgent man lives to eat; a self-restrained man eats to live.”
  • Mahatma Gandhi’s Vision of community:
    • Mahatma Gandhi gives ethical and political primacy to the two concepts of self-realization and self-rule. For Gandhi, a self-realized and self-conscious community is a society of citizens who reconcile the self-determination of the individual with the recognition of the shared values in the community.
  • Point of self-transformation:
    • Mahatma Gandhi believed in the interrelated nature of human existence. He was interested in the self-transformative nature of the citizens which seems important in the upholding of the ethic of human action.

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