Indigo Revolt – UPSC GS1

The most militant and widespread of the peasant movements was the Indigo Revolt of 1859-60. Did it succeed in its objectives? If so, how? Examine. (200 Words)

British in which planters were forced to grow Indigo which made their land infertile was a major cause of the uprising. The ryot was even cheated and enforcement of fraudulent contracts crushed him completely. It succeeded because of
  • mass and collective non-cooperation from the rebellious ryot, like refusal to pay enhanced revenue and mass social boycott.
  • The united resistance was very powerful and the planters were forced to shut down factories.
  • The revolt had immense cooperation, organized and a disciplined effort.
  • Complete Hindu Muslim unity was one of the major factors.
  • The leadership was strong which were accompanied by well off ryots, moneylenders and ex-employees of planters
  • The Bengal intelligentsia played an important role by organizing a powerful campaign in support by using Press as the tool. It had a deep impact on the emerging nationalist intellectuals.
  • Missionaries extended active support to the revolt.
Overall it was a success and ultimately government notified that ryots could not be compelled to grow Indigo and planters closed all the factories. It was a brave and intelligent example for the future generations.



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