Buddh/Jain architecture – UPSC GS1

Impact of Buddhism/Jainism on architecture:

  • Emergence of Buddhism and Jainism helped in the development of early architectural style.
  • Buddha’s burial mounds and places of major events in his life became important landmarks of the significant architectural buildings in the country. These became important sites for Buddha’s order of monks and nuns – the sangha.
  • Monasteries (viharas), and centres of preaching, teaching and learning came up at such places. Congregational halls (chaitya) for teaching and interaction between the common people and the monks were also built up.
  • From now on religion began to influence architecture. While Buddhists and Jains began to build stupas, Viharas and Chaityas, the first temple building activity started during the Gupta rule.



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