Urbanisation

Unplanned Urban Development : Example – UPSC GS1

Chennai in Tamil Nadu is a textbook example of how nature is being ignored in urban development-posed challenges. Unplanned urban development and unwieldy growth with no hydrological plan are causing many problems. Earlier, when there was heavy rain in catchment areas in the Chennai region, lakes, ponds, tanks, rivers and inter-linked drainage systems helped replenish …

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Solid Waste Management : Hurdle in Swachh Bharat – UPSC GS1

Context: The inadequacy of the municipal mechanism to collect and transport garbage from urban homes to dumping yards is a significant lacuna and highlights the need for smarter integration of Swachh Bharat with urban renewal programmes like AMRUT. There is no uniform mechanism for maintenance and sweeping and lifting of garbage across urban areas.   Key …

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e-Waste – UPSC GS1

Facts According to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), India generated more than 10 lakh tonnes of e-waste in 2019-20, an increase from 7 lakh tonnes in 2017-18. Defunct gadgets are broken for precious metals. Under, E-Waste (Management & Handling) Rules 2011, EPR: Extended Producer Responsibility. Manufacturers have to set up collection centre for their product. E-Waste …

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Urbanisation in India – UPSC GS1

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has outlined these priorities as part of its ‘Urban Strategy’ : Increasing ‘Shelter’ for the urban poor. Provision of basic urban services such as ‘Education’, ‘Primary Health care’, ‘Clean Water and Sanitation’. Improving women’s access to ‘Basic Services’ and government facilities. Upgrading ‘Energy’ use and alternative ‘Transport’ systems. Reducing …

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