Power and Energy Sector

Green Hydrogen : Challenges – UPSC GS3

National Hydrogen Energy Mission: Indian prepares to launch the National Hydrogen Energy Mission (NHEM). India currently consumes approximately 5.5 million tonnes of hydrogen, which is mainly derived from imported fossil fuels. With NHEM, India will be able to reduce its reliance on fossil fuel imports. What is green hydrogen? Green Hydrogen is pure hydrogen generated …

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Strategic Petroleum Reserve – UPSC

Context: Government has decided to use its Strategic Petroleum Reserve temporarily. Facts: India is the 3rd largest consumer of oil What is a Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR)?  SPR initiative was launched in 1998 to bolster energy security of India as it had little foreign exchange to import oil. The SPR inventory acts as a supply …

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Ethanol blending

Ethanol blending is the practice of blending petrol with ethanol. Many countries, including India, have adopted ethanol blending in petrol in order to reduce vehicle exhaust emissions and also to reduce the import burden on account of crude petroleum from which petrol is produced. The renewable ethanol content, which is a byproduct of the sugar …

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Biofuels: Government Initiatives

Considering benefits of biofuels in reducing import dependency on crude oil, as clean environment fuel and generating additional income to farmers and employment generation in rural areas, Government has undertaken number of initiatives such biofuels programme and increasing blending of biofuels etc.   Initiatives: The biofuels programme is in synergy with Government’s other initiatives for …

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Thermal Battery

Thermal battery Thermal battery use thermal energy to operate i.e. energy created by temperature differences. The energy transfer in this battery helps to store heat when heat travels from one part of battery setup to other. For this transmission, thermal battery consists of two parts viz. cool zone (sink) and hot source (source.) Both these sides …

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Unconventional Hydrocarbons : Policy Changes

Union Cabinet has approved policy framework to permit exploration and exploitation of unconventional hydrocarbons such as Shale oil/gas, Coal Bed Methane (CBM) etc. It will be carried out under existing Production Sharing Contracts (PSCs), CBM contracts and Nomination fields to encourage existing contractors in licensed or leased area to unlock full potential of unconventional hydrocarbons in existing …

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Ethanol production for Sugarcane

Context: Union Food Ministry has notified decision to allow sugar mills to manufacture ethanol directly from sugarcane juice or an intermediate product called B-molasses. In this regard, Sugarcane Control Order, 1966 has been amended. The move would help mills divert cane juice for ethanol manufacturing during surplus years.   Why this decision is important? Sugar …

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