Polity for Mains

Governor : Misuse of power during summoning assembly – UPSC GS2

Context: The West Bengal Governor returned the recommendation of the Chief Minister to summon the Assembly. What is the Summoning of Assembly? Summoning is the process of calling all members of the State Assembly to meet. The power to summon each house of the State Assembly from time to time is given to the Governor of …

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Tribunals : Delays in appointment – UPSC GS2

Context: Supreme Court has shown disappointment to the Central government for the long delays in making appointments for the various tribunals in India and warned it of initiating contempt proceedings against it. In Sep 2021, SC has given 2 weeks’ time fill posts in tribunals. Vacancies in Tribunals: Various tribunals in India are suffering from a huge backlog …

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Combative Federalism in India – UPSC GS2

What is Cooperative Federalism? Cooperative Federalism in India reflects an ideology of a stable relationship between the centre and other units. Cooperative federalism means cooperation and interdependence between the Centre and the States to ensure smooth governance of the country. It guides all the governing bodies to come forward and cooperate to resolve common social, …

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Governor’s role in approving a Bill – UPSC GS2

Context: The Tamil Nadu Assembly has once again adopted a Bill, granting exemption from the mandatory National Entrance-cum-Eligibility Test (NEET) for seats allotted by the Government in undergraduate medical and dental courses in Tamil Nadu. Notably, this bill was earlier returned by the Governor. Related Constitutional Provisions: Article 200: Article 200 deals with the Governor’s function in passing a …

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Common Electoral Roll : Analysis – UPSC GS2

Context: Law and Justice Minister told the Rajya Sabha that the Centre was not planning on amending the Representation of the People Act, 1951 to enable a common electoral roll and simultaneous elections to all electoral bodies in the country. What is the Common Electoral Roll? Under the Common Electoral Roll, only one voter list will be used for Lok Sabha, Vidhan Sabha and other elections. …

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National Security Vs Judicial Review – UPSC GS2

Context: Whether the state can use ‘national security’ as a ground to limit judicial scrutiny. Related Cases: MediaOne TV channel case: The transmission of a Malayalam-language news channel, Mediaone TV, was barred by the Information and Broadcasting Ministry citing “security reasons”. The order to block the channel was issued because it had not been granted security clearance by the …

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Private Member Bill to amend Preamble in Rajya Sabha – UPSC GS2

Context: A Private Bill is introduced in RS to amend Preamble. What is the Issue? A Rajya Sabha member introduced a Private Member bill that seeks to replace the word “Socialist” with “Equitable” in the Preamble. The member K.J. Alphons has argued that the term “socialist” has “political connotations” and carries historical baggage that need not …

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Lokpal and Lokayukta – UPSC GS3

Concept of Lokpal and Lokayuktas: The Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 provided for the establishment of Lokpal for the Union and Lokayukta for States. These institutions are statutory bodies without any constitutional status. They perform the function of an “ombudsman” and inquire into allegations of corruption against certain public functionaries and for related matters. The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013 provides for establishing a …

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