Health for Mains

Nutritional Challenges in Schools – UPSC GS2

What is India’s triple burden of nutrition in schools? Indian school faces a combination of problems like Undernutrition, Overweight/ obesity, Micronutrients deficiency such as iron, zinc, calcium and several vitamins. What are the Social factors impacting nutrition? Living environment under which children are living. Lack of diet diversity are leading to imbalanced micronutrient intake or consumption of high carbohydrate …

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Medical Education Regulation 2021 – UPSC GS2

Proposed Changes: According to the new regulation, there shall be common Counselling for admission to all medical educational institutions including Post Graduate “Broad Specialty courses” on the basis of merit list of “National exit Test” Present Scenario: The admissions to such programs are based on the post-graduate NEET. Half of the seats are based on …

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National Policy for Rare Diseases, 2021 – UPSC GS2

Rare Disease: A rare disease is a health condition of particularly low prevalence that affects a small number of people compared with other prevalent diseases. Haemophilia, Thalassemia, sickle-cell anaemia, primary immunodeficiency in children, auto-immune diseases, Lysosomal storage disorders such as Pompe disease, Hirschsprung disease, Gaucher’s disease, Cystic Fibrosis, Hemangiomas and certain types of muscular dystrophies …

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Bio-Medical Waste Management – UPSC GS2

Utility: Direct question can be asked on this topic due to increased bio-medical waste generation during COVID. Facts: Around 23 of the 35 states and Union Territories follow deep burial methods restricted by the Government of India. 70% of the states do not have a well-established system for monitoring a typical Biomedical Waste processing facility. Only 12 states have …

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Different type of Corona Vaccines – UPSC GS2

Utility: Direct question can be asked on topic both in Prelims and Mains. Different types of Covid-19 vaccines: Vaccines are categorised on the basis of the development process adopted by scientists. mRNA Vaccines: Pfizer and Moderna vaccines developed in the US are mRNA vaccines.  In this type, vaccines will carry the molecular instructions to make the protein …

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SC on COVID Vaccine Policy – UPSC GS2

Context: SC is hearing case on Covid-19 issues (In Re-Distribution of Essential Services and Supplies During Pandemic). What are the issues raised by the Supreme Court? Vaccines Procurement: The Supreme Court has asked the Central Government about the procurement policy of the Covid-19 vaccines adopted by the Central Government. Currently, the Central Government procures just 50% of the vaccines while leaving …

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Preventing Future Pandemics – UPSC GS2

What measures should be taken to prevent future waves of pandemic disaster? Strong Surveillance System: Strong surveillance system is needed to identify or predict future waves. The Central and State government should use real-time data by encouraging reliable reporting and initiating standardised definitions. Review mechanisms should be strengthened. It will detect the outbreak in the initial stages and …

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Bad Policy Making during Pandemic – UPSC GS2

Bad Decisions by government which worsened COVID: Prioritizing universal health coverage instead of strengthening public health facilites: India prioritized insurance coverage after 2014, for example, Ayushman Bharat. Whereas, international experience showed strengthening public health care is the right way. For instance: UK’s National Health Service Act revolutionized health care in the United Kingdom by delinking it from …

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One Health approach – UPSC GS2

Context: Covid-19 has emphasised need for adopting One Health Approach for Zoonotic diseases. What is the One Health Approach? It is a collaborative, multisectoral, coordinated, and transdisciplinary approach. It recognizes the interconnection between people, animals, and the environment. It calls for working at the local, regional, national, and global levels with the goal of achieving optimal health outcomes. …

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