Energy and Environment for Prelims

Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) – UPSC Prelims

China’s Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) achieved a peak temperature of 288 million degrees Fahrenheit, which is over ten times hotter than the sun. Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) The EAST reactor is an advanced nuclear fusion experimental research device located at the Institute of Plasma Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (ASIPP) in Hefei, China. EAST first became operational in 2006. …

Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) – UPSC Prelims Read More »

Engine Technologies – UPSC Prelims

Ramjet: Ramjet: It is a form of air-breathing jet engine that uses the vehicle’s forward motion to compress incoming air for combustion without a rotating compressor. Working: Fuel is injected in the combustion chamber where it mixes with the hot compressed air and ignites. A ramjet-powered vehicle requires an assisted take-off like a rocket assist to accelerate …

Engine Technologies – UPSC Prelims Read More »

Lithium – UPSC Prelims

Lithium is a silver-white alkali metal. Lithium is a key element for new technologies and finds its use in ceramics, glass, telecommunication and aerospace industries. The thermonuclear application makes Lithium as “Prescribed substance” under the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 which permits Atomic Minerals Directorate (AMD) for exploration of Lithium in various geological domains of the …

Lithium – UPSC Prelims Read More »

Uranium Enrichment – UPSC Prelims

Natural uranium consists of two different isotopes – nearly 99% U-238 and only around 0.7% of U-235. U-235 is a fissile material that can sustain a chain reaction in a nuclear reactor. Enrichment process increases the proportion of U-235 through the process of isotope separation (U-238 is separated from U-235). For nuclear weapons, enrichment is required upto 90% or more which is known as Highly Enriched Uranium/weapons-grade uranium. …

Uranium Enrichment – UPSC Prelims Read More »

Kutch Renewable Energy Park – UPSC Prelims

Gujarat Government is building world’s largest hybrid renewable energy park in Gujarat’s Kutch district. The park will generate 30,000 MW power through solar panels and windmills on 72,600 hectares along the India-Pakistan border. The park will have dedicated zones for wind and solar energy storage as well as an exclusive zone for wind park activities. …

Kutch Renewable Energy Park – UPSC Prelims Read More »