Climate Change Negotiations

Financial system risks from climate change – UPSC GS3

Recent Climatic Events: Landslides, floods and other rain-related accidents in Maharashtra. Gandhak river flood in Bihar. Heat waves in Canada and the north-west coast of the US, with temperatures reaching 50° Celsius, have killed close to 500 people. Uncharacteristic rains flooded Germany and Belgium, claiming about 200 lives. Similar abnormal rains and flooding in central …

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Decarbonising Power Sector for Net Zero Emissions – UPSC GS3

Why Net Zero Target is in news? The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 1.5 °C report called for global carbon emissions to reach net-zero by 2050. Presently, the target to achieve the net-zero target by 2050 is strongly put forward as the solution to achieve Paris climate targets. India is under pressure to adopt a net-zero target …

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Carbon Neutrality Vs Climate Justice – UPSC GS3

Context: Developed countries are using the call for net zero emissions or carbon neutrality by 2050, to evade the historical responsibility. They are using such targets to transfer their burdens to developing countries. Background Many countries are supporting the idea of becoming Carbon neutral (net-zero emissions) by 2050. However, the idea of developing Carbon neutrality has the …

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Climate Change : Need to focus on Adaptation – UPSC GS3

Context: Climate Change initiatives are not working as per their aims. India’s climate policy should focus on Climate Change Adaptation measures instead of emission mitigation. UN COP-26 Summit to be held in Glasgow in Nov 2021. Target announced by the major economies to reduce emissions Countries globally are more focussed upon Climate Change Mitigation instead …

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Paris Agreement : USA Rejoins – UPSC GS3

Context: Biden has signed an order to restore U.S.A’s participation in the United Nations Paris Agreement on climate change. USA’s changing stance on climate change talks: The U.S., under George W. Bush, had pulled out of the Kyoto Protocol, in 2001. Under President Barack Obama, the U.S. played an active role in climate negotiations. This …

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Paris Agreement : Way Forward – UPSC GS3

Paris Agreement on Climate Change Objective: To limit global temperature rise this century to below 2 degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels or even below 1.5 degrees Celsius. Methodology to achieve this objective: All countries to come up with nationally determined commitments (NDCs) to achieve the objective. Accordingly, all countries, including the largest GHG emitters like China, the United States, and the …

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Colonial Climate Change Governance – UPSC GS3

Context: The climate change governance framework is colonial in nature and there is need to recognise the inequality of consumption to tackle the climate crisis. Developed countries emitted most, became developed and are still emitting. No space left for developing nations to develop using cheap technologies which are polluting. Colonial Framework of the Climate Change …

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India-US Role in Climate Change – UPSC GS3

Challenges in global climate politics: Rising demand for climate actions from the developed nations: under the Paris Climate Agreement; with the new US administration looking for a revival of its partnership under the agreement. The US intends to spend more than $2 trillion on energy and infrastructure to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050 and aims to have zero-emission …

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