- UIDAI is nodal statutory organization behind the Aadhaar, a 12 digit unique number.
- It was granted statutory status by Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016.
- It comes under Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY)
- Prior to its establishment as a statutory authority, UIDAI was functioning as an attached office of the then Planning Commission (now NITI Aayog)
- UIDAI was created with the objective to issue Unique Identification numbers (UID), named as “Aadhaar”, to all residents of India that is
- robust enough to eliminate duplicate and fake identities, and
- can be verified and authenticated in an easy, cost-effective way.
- The first UID number was issued on 29 September 2010 to a resident of Nandurbar, Maharashtra.
- UIDAI has announced facial recognition for authentication apart from finger prints and eye scans.