Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)

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  • The OIC is an international organization founded in 1969.
  • Members: It consists of 57 member states including Iran and Pakistan.
  • Administrative centre (headquarters): Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Objective:
  • Raise the collective voice of the Muslim world.
  • Collectively work to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony.
  • OIC has permanent delegations to United Nations and the European Union.
  • Issues with India: In this organisation, India is a blocked country, though it has about 12% of the world’s Muslim population. India has been blocked by Pakistan from joining the OIC over Kashmir issue.
  • OIC regard parts of Kashmir as “occupied by India”.
  • It is second largest inter-governmental organization after UN.

International Chemical Weapons Convention

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  • CWC is an arms control treaty which outlaws the production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and their precursors and entered into force in 1997
  • It entered into force on 1997.
  • The full name of the treaty is the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction.
  • The CWC is implemented by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which is headquartered in The Hague.
  • The OPCW receives states-parties’ declarations detailing chemical weapons-related activities or materials and relevant industrial activities. After receiving declarations, the OPCW inspects and monitors states-parties’ facilities and activities that are relevant to the convention, to ensure compliance.
  • The CWC is open to all nations and currently has 193 states-parties.
  • Israel has signed but has yet to ratify the convention.
  • A key non-signatory includes North Korea.
  • Most recently, Palestine deposited its instrument of accession to the CWC.
  • As of October 2016, about 93% of the world’s declared stockpile of chemical weapons had been destroyed.

 

 

The Chemical Weapons Convention prohibits:

  • Developing, producing, acquiring, stockpiling, or retaining chemical weapons.
  • The direct or indirect transfer of chemical weapons.
  • Chemical weapons use or military preparation for use.
  • Assisting, encouraging, or inducing other states to engage in CWC-prohibited activity.
  • The use of riot control agents “as a method of warfare.”

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