The OIC is an international organization founded in 1969.
Members: It consists of 57 member states including Iran and Pakistan.
Administrative centre (headquarters): Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Raise the collective voice of the Muslim world.
Collectively work to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony.
OIC has permanent delegations to United Nations and the European Union.
Issues with India: In this organisation, India is a blocked country, though it has about 12% of the world’s Muslim population. India has been blocked by Pakistan from joining the OIC over Kashmir issue.
OIC regard parts of Kashmir as “occupied by India”.
It is second largest inter-governmental organization after UN.
- CWC is an arms control treaty which outlaws the production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and their precursors and entered into force in 1997
- It entered into force on 1997.
- The full name of the treaty is the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction.
- The CWC is implemented by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which is headquartered in The Hague.
- The OPCW receives states-parties’ declarations detailing chemical weapons-related activities or materials and relevant industrial activities. After receiving declarations, the OPCW inspects and monitors states-parties’ facilities and activities that are relevant to the convention, to ensure compliance.
- The CWC is open to all nations and currently has 193 states-parties.
- Israel has signed but has yet to ratify the convention.
- A key non-signatory includes North Korea.
- Most recently, Palestine deposited its instrument of accession to the CWC.
- As of October 2016, about 93% of the world’s declared stockpile of chemical weapons had been destroyed.
The Chemical Weapons Convention prohibits:
- Developing, producing, acquiring, stockpiling, or retaining chemical weapons.
- The direct or indirect transfer of chemical weapons.
- Chemical weapons use or military preparation for use.
- Assisting, encouraging, or inducing other states to engage in CWC-prohibited activity.
- The use of riot control agents “as a method of warfare.”