Yellow Fever – UPSC Prelims

  • Yellow Fever: It is an acute viral haemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. The yellow in the name refers to the jaundice that affects some patients.
  • Symptoms: Fever, headache, jaundice, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting and fatigue.
  • A small proportion of patients who contract the virus develop severe symptoms and approximately half of those die within 7 to 10 days.
  • Endemic: The virus is endemic in tropical areas of Africa and Central and South America.
  • Prevention: Yellow fever is prevented by an extremely effective vaccine which is safe and affordable.
  • Eliminate yellow fever epidemics(EYE) 2017-2026: It has been developed by a coalition of partners (Gavi, UNICEF and WHO) that aims at ending yellow fever epidemics by 2026.
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