World Environment Day – UPSC Prelims

About World Environment Day:
  • Observed on 5th June every year.
  • World Environment Day (WED) was established by the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in 1972 on the first day of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment.
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was created as a result of this conference.
  • In 1974, the first WED was held with the theme “Only One Earth”.
  • Aim: To spread awareness and to encourage people to take steps to protect the environment.
  • Host Country: It was hosted by Pakistan this year.
  • The theme for 2021: The theme is “Ecosystem Restoration” and will focus on resetting our relation with nature.
  • This WED will also mark the formal launch of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 2021 – 2030.
  • Ecosystem restoration is the act of helping degraded and destroyed ecosystems to recover and also protecting and conserving the ecosystems that are still intact.
  • Examples of degraded ecosystems are polluted rivers, deforested landscape, overexploited forests and non-fertile agricultural land.
  • 2011 – 2020 was the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity.
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