What is a Semiconductor Chip? – UPSC Prelims

What is a Semiconductor Chip?
  • It is an electric circuit with many components such as transistors and wiring formed on a semiconductor wafer. An electronic device comprising numerous of these components is called Integrated Circuit (IC), and can be found in electronic devices such as computers, smartphones, appliances, gaming hardware and medical equipment.
  • These devices find widespread use in almost all industries, especially in the automobile industry.
  • Semiconductors are materials which have a conductivity between conductors and insulators. They can be pure elements, silicon or germanium or compounds; gallium, arsenide or cadmium selenide.