Vaccine Diplomacy – UPSC Prelims

  • India is one of the world’s largest vaccine producers.
  • 60% of global vaccine production comes from India.
  • Indian producers supply 1.5 billion doses annually to more than 150 countries.
  • India is the largest supplier of the DPT, BCG and Measles vaccines globally.
  • WHO sources 70% of its essential immunisation vaccines from India.
  • Vaccine Diplomacy: It is the use of vaccines to increase a country’s diplomatic relationship with  other countries.
  • India will supply Made-in-India Covid-19 vaccines to its neighbouring and key partner countries under its Neighbourhood First policy.
  • Bhutan and Maldives will be the first to get the vaccines followed by Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar and Seychelles.
  • Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Mauritius will also get doses once they give necessary regulatory approvals.
  • Pakistan has not been named as a neighbouring country which will get the vaccine.
  • Vaccine will be Supplied to the partner countries in a phased manner, keeping in mind the demand.
Earlier Diplomacy measures by India:
  • India had earlier supplied Hydroxychloroquine, Remdesivir and Paracetamol tablets as well as diagnostic kits, ventilators, masks, gloves and other medical supplies to a large number of countries during the pandemic.
  • Under the Partnerships for Accelerating Clinical Trials(PACT) programme, India has also provided training to several neighbouring countries to enhance and strengthen their clinical capabilities
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