U.S. imposes sanctions against China over abuse of Uighurs – UPSC Prelims

  • The US administration has imposed new sanctions on several Chinese biotech and surveillance companies and government entities for actions in Xinjiang province.
  • The US has imposed sanctions on China’s Academy of Military Medical Sciences and its 11 research institutes that focus on using biotechnology to support the Chinese military.
  • The sanctions will bar US companies from exporting technology that originated in America to these Chinese institutions.
  • The sanctions are being imposed after the US intelligence established that China has set up a high-tech surveillance system across Xinjiang that uses biometric facial recognition. Further, it has collected DNA samples from all Xinjiang residents as part of a systematic effort to suppress Uighurs.