Tianwen-1 mission – UPSC Prelims

Tianwen-1 Mission:
  • Tianwen-1 is an interplanetary mission by the China National Space Administration(CNSA).
  • Aim: It aims to send a robotic spacecraft to Mars consisting of an orbiter, deployable camera, lander, and the Zhurong rover.
  • Launched Year: The mission was successfully launched from the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site in July 2020 on a Long March 5 heavy-lift launch vehicle.
  • Objectives of the mission: The scientific objectives of the mission are to study the:
    • Geology of Mars
    • Current and past presence of water
    • Internal structure of the planet
    • Identification of minerals and rock types on the surface as well as
    • Characterisation of the space environment and atmosphere of Mars.
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