Swachh Survekshan – UPSC Prelims

Swachh Survekshan:
  • Swachh Survekshan is an annual survey of cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation in cities and towns across India.
  • It was launched as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, which aimed to make India clean and free of open defecation by 2nd October 2019.
  • The first survey was undertaken in 2016.
  • Conducted by:  Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) with Quality Council of India (QCI) as its implementation partner.
  • Parameters: The cities have been ranked based on three broad parameters: service level progress, citizen’s voice and certification.
Swachh Survekshan Awards 2021:
  • Population above 1 lakh: Indore has been ranked the cleanest city in India for the fifth consecutive year. Surat and Vijayawada were ranked as the second and third-cleanest cities.
  • Population Below 1 lakh: Vita, Lonavala and Saswad all from Maharashtra, bagged the first, second and third positions respectively.
  • The Cleanest States with more than 100 urban local bodies (ULBs): Chhattisgarh retained the first position in the “cleanest state” title. Bihar was the worst performer in this category.
  • Cleanest state award in the less than 100 ULBs category: Jharkhand, was given the cleanest state in this category. This was followed by Haryana and Goa.
  • Best Cantonment: Ahmedabad Cantonment won the title of ‘India’s Cleanest Cantonment.
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