Security and Growth of All in the Region (SAGAR) – UPSC Prelims

Security and Growth of All in the Region(SAGAR) in the Indian Ocean(SAGAR): The term was coined by the Indian Prime Minister in 2015.
 
Key Elements of SAGAR: 
  • Enhancing capacities to safeguard land and maritime territories and interests.
  • Deepening economic and security cooperation in the littoral.
  • Promoting collective action to deal with natural disasters and maritime threats like piracy, terrorism and emergent non-state actors.
  • Working towards sustainable regional development through enhanced collaboration.
  • Engaging with countries beyond our shores with the aim of building greater trust and promoting respect for maritime rules, norms and peaceful resolution of disputes.
 
Phases:
  • Mission Sagar-I: It was undertaken in May-June 2020, wherein India reached out to Maldives, Mauritius, Seychelles, Madagascar, and Comoros, and provided food aid and medicines.
  • Mission Sagar-II: As part of Mission Sagar-II, Indian Naval Ship Airavat will deliver food aid to Sudan, South Sudan, Djibouti, and Eritrea.