Scheme for Protection and Preservation of Endangered Languages of India – UPSC Prelims

Objective: To document and archive the country’s languages that have become endangered or likely to be endangered in the near future.
  • SPPEL Scheme was initiated by the Government of India in 2013.
  • The scheme is monitored by the Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL) located in Mysuru, Karnataka.
  • Under the Scheme, the CIIL works on the protection, preservation and documentation of all the mother tongues/languages of India spoken by less than 10,000 speakers which are called endangered languages.
  • In the first phase of the scheme, 117 endangered languages/mother tongues have been chosen from all over India for study and documentation on a priority basis.
What are the other schemes for the preservation of Endangered Languages?
University Grants Commission(UGC) has launched two schemes for the protection of endangered languages namely:
  • Funding Support to the State Universities for Study and Research in Indigenous and Endangered Languages in India
  • Establishment of Centres for Endangered Languages in Central Universities.
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